Country Profile Page
People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
General Demographic (as of 2011):
| Area (sq. km):
|| 2.38 million km2
| Total population:
|| 35.5 million
|Population growth (annual %):
|| 23.6 million
|Urban population (% of total):
|GDP (current US$) PPP:
|| US$ 159.4 billion
|GDP growth (annual %):
|GDP per capita (current US$) PPP:
Geography and Climate:
Algeria is located in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia. The country experiences an arid to semiarid climate with mild winters and hot summers.
Population and Urbanization:
In 2010, the population of Algeria stood at 35.5 million with 67% or 23.6 million living in urban areas. These areas include Algiers and Oran.
Economy and Industry:
The economy of Algeria largely remains under the control of the state. There are numerous restrictions on foreign investment and privatization of state-owned properties. Main industries are petroleum, natural gas, mining, petrochemical and food processing.
In 2008, 96 % of energy in the country came from natural gas. The remaining is comprised of oil and hydroelectric energy.
In 2010 there were over 111,000 kilometers of roads and with a road density of 35 per kilometer translates to 3.9 million vehicles in Algeria’s roads.
In 2000, the official inventory of greenhouse gas suggests that carbon dioxide makes up over 84% of emissions. The remainder is composed of methane, oxides of nitrogen, and volatile organic compounds.
Air Quality Management:
Air quality management in Algeria falls under the General Directorate of Environment supervised by the Ministry of Regional Planning and Environment.
(1) World Bank Country Data: Algeria
(2) World Fact Book – Algeria
(3) International Energy Agency, 2008. Electricity Data: Algeria
(4) United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2000. Greenhouse Gas Profile: Algeria