Country Profile Page
Republic of Lithuania
General Demographic (as of 2011):
| Area (sq. km):
|| 65,200 km2
| Total population:
|| 3.3 million
|Population growth (annual %):
|Urban population (% of total):
|GDP (current US$) PPP:
|| US$36.3 billion
|GDP growth (annual %):
|GDP per capita (current US$) PPP:
Geography and Climate:
Lithuania is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia. The country experiences a mix of maritime and continental climates with moderate winters and summers.
Population and Urbanization:
In 2010, the population of Lithuania stood at 3.3 million with 2.23 million or 67% living in urban areas. The largest urban area is the capital Vilnius.
Economy and Industry:
The economy is driven by trade and foreign partners with Russia being its main trading partner. Privatization of state-owned has fostered the transition from a centrally controlled to a more free market economy. Main economic drivers are industrial manufacturing, metals and metals processing, food processing and petroleum refining.
In 2008, Lithuania’s main energy source is nuclear power (71.1%). Gas takes is the second significant energy source with the remainder made up of hydroelectric and renewable sources.
In 2009, there was 81,000 kilometers of road and with a vehicle density of 23 per kilometer translates to 1.86 million vehicles in the entire country.
In 2008, over half of emissions come from energy and transport. The remainder of emissions came from industry, agriculture and waste byproducts. 60% of emissions is comprised of carbon dioxide. Methane, oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, and volatile organic compounds make up the remaining 40%.
Air Quality Management:
The Ministry of Environment is the government agency tasked to monitor air quality and to ensure continued implementation of various directives focused on emission reduction and monitoring
(1)World Bank Country Data: Lithuania
(2)World Fact Book – Lithuania
"> International Energy Agency, 2008. Country Profile: Lithuania
"> Europe Environment Agency, 2008. Country Profile: Lithuania
(5) Lithuania-Ministry of Environment, 2006.