Country Profile Page
Republic of the Philippines
General Demographic (as of 2011):
| Area (sq. km):
|| 299,000 km2
| Total population:
|| 93.3 million
|Population growth (annual %):
|| 61.9 million
|Urban population (% of total):
|GDP (current US$) PPP:
|| US$ 199.2 billion
|GDP growth (annual %):
|GDP per capita (current US$) PPP:
About the Philippines
Geography and Climate:
The Philippines is located in Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam. The country experiences a tropical marine; with the northeast monsoon from November to April and the southwest monsoon from May to October.
Population and Urbanization:
In 2010, the population of the Philippines stood at 93.3 million with 61.9 million people living urban areas. These areas include Metropolitan Manila, Cebu and Davao.
Economy and Industry:
Philippine GDP grew 7.3% in 2010, spurred by consumer demand, a rebound in exports and investments, and election-related spending. Major industries include manufacturing, textiles, petroleum processing and chemicals.
The primary sources of energy would be natural gas followed by coal and then geothermal generation. Energy consumption is more or less tied with Industry and Residences. In terms of energy consumption, Luzon region consumed almost 75% of energy while Visayas and Mindanao regions almost equally consumed the rest.
Vehicle ownership is also growing rapidly. In 1990, the total number of registered vehicles was 1.6 million; in 2007 this was 5.5 million. Motorcycles/tricycles (MCs/TCs) have fastest average annual increase of (10.77%), followed by SUVs (10.55%) and trucks (2.75%). Generally, motor vehicles have increased by more than 100% from 2003 to 2007.
In 2009, energy and transport were the main contributors to emissions and a significant portion of which is made up of carbon dioxide.
Air Quality Management:
The major legal instrument guiding air quality management (AQM) is RA 8749 or the Philippine Clean Air Act, signed into law in 1999. The Department of Environment is the main government agency with mandate on environment protection. Partnership for Clean Air in the Philippines, a CAI-Asia country network, is a multi-stakeholder organization which keeps track of air quality drivers, trends, inputs and responses.
(1) Asian Development Bank and CAI-Asia, 2006. Country Synthesis Report on Urban Air Quality Management: Philippines
(2)World Bank Country Data: Philippines
(3)World Fact Book – Philippines