Country Profile Page
Republic of The Fiji Islands
General Demographic (as of 2011):
| Area (sq. km):
|| 18,274 km2
| Total population:
|| 854, 098
|Population growth (annual %):
|| 0.6 % (2010)
|| 449,066 (2010)
|Urban population (% of total):
|| 53 % of Total Population (2010)
|GDP (current US$) PPP:
|| $3.01 billion (2010)
|GDP growth (annual %):
|| 0.1% (2010)
|GDP per capita (current US$) PPP:
|| $3,524 (2010)
Geography and Climate:
Fiji is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is located two-thirds the way from Hawaii to New Zealand. The country only experiences slight seasonal various and has a tropical marine climate.
Population and Urbanization:
As of July 2011 (estimate) the population count was 883,125 persons with 53% (2010) of the total population living in urbanized areas. Suva is the main urban center and serves as the capital.
Economy and Industry:
Fiji possesses substantial forest, mineral and marine resources and thus is one of the most developed Pacific Island economies although has a large subsistence sector. Sugar imports, remittances from Fijians working abroad and a growing tourist industry together are the major sources of foreign exchange. As of 2010 the economy grew only by 0.1%. This may be accounted for by long-term problems such as low investment, uncertain land ownership rights and the government’s inability to manage its budget.
According to the Ministry of Energy (2010), the supply of energy for the country was composed of hydroelectric (53%), diesel (42%) and independent power producers (5%)
According to the Land Transportation Authority of Fiji, there are around 78,000 vehicles in the country apart from the 100,000 units that are considered scrap metal or derelict. Fiji also has a substantial maritime transport system linking the various islands with the port of Suva, the main port of country.
Major sources of air pollution in Fiji are primarily vehicle emissions, open burning of waste, and industrial emissions. Also according to the LTA, there are no mechanisms in place to monitor the number of vehicles coming into the country. It is estimated that one in every 10 people in Fiji own a vehicle.
Air Quality Management:
Fiji has formulated a National Air Pollution Strategy under the Ministry of Environment in 2007. One of the main points pushed by the NAPS is targeting the problem by reducing emissions at source coupled with active and sustained effort for awareness and education of the general public on air pollution issues.
(1) Fiji Ministry of Energy, (undated). Fiji’s Electricity and Climate Change
(2) Fiji Department of Environment, (2007). Waste and Pollution
(3) Radio Fiji, (2011). Fiji copes with 78,000 vehicles on the road
(4)World Bank Country Data: FIJI
(5)World Fact Book – FIJI